The opioid epidemic is a national health crisis that is increasing opioid overdose deaths every year. Opioids are commonly used post surgeries for pain management, but how has opioid utilization changed over the past few years in response to the rising overdoses?
Prescription rates for opioids written between 30-90 days post discharge from TKA operations were collected over a 5-year period. Data were collected via procedural codes from a data warehouse, and a random sampling of 100 patients was selected for data analysis. Utilization rates were analyzed using descriptive statistics and opioid demographic information was presented.
The rate of opioid utilization had an absolute decrease of 10.5% from 2015 to 2019, which is a 32.11% relative reduction, and had an average decline of 2.47% each year. The opioid utilization rate was slightly higher in females than males (29.7% vs. 21.2%). The ages with the highest rate were age 70-79 years (35.0%) and age <60 years (29.1%).
This study demonstrated evidence that opioid utilization 30-90 days post-discharge from orthopedic surgery has been declining over the past 5 years.